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Units Of Measurement Conversion

Author: Pencil Case  Date: 23 February 2020

Converting Units Of Measurement

We are sometimes presented with units of measurement that are not in the best format. For example we may have 1,100g of something but it is much more effective to say 1.1kg. Of course 1,100g and 1.1kg are exactly the same they are just in a different format.

So how to we convert one to the other? To achieve this we will use the operations of multiply or divide.

The basic principle is that when we are going from say kg to g we are going from a small number of kg to many g. To turn a small number to a big number you multiply. When we go the other way from g to kg we divide.

How To Convert Units Of Measurement

1 Kilogram

You can see from the image above that 1kg is 1000g. So compared to the number of kilograms an object weighs it weighs many more grams. So to go from 1kg to 1000g we multiply the number of kg by 1000. If I have 2kg I will have lots of g and 2kg x 1000 = 2000g. Going the other way is the opposite. Lots of g makes only a small number of kg. So to turn g into kg we divide. 7000g รท 1000 = 7kg.

Converting Distance Units

Distance Conversion

Distance units are the hardest to convert as you have to remember to use 10, 100 and 1000 at the right time.

You can see from the image above to go from mm to cm you divide by 10. To go from cm to m you divide by 100. To go from m to km you divide by 1000. To go the other way you use multiply. To go from km to m you multiply by 1000. To go from m to cm you multiply by 100 and to go from cm to mm you multiply by 10.

Converting Weight/Mass Units

Weight Conversion

Mass/weight units are easier to convert as you only have to remember to use 1000.

You can see from the image above to go from mg to g you divide by 1000. To go from g to kg you divide by 1000. To go from kg to t you divide by 1000. To go the other way you use multiply. To go from t to kg you multiply by 1000. To go from kg to g you multiply by 1000 and to go from g to mg you multiply by 1000.

Converting Volume/Capacity Of A Liquid Units

Volume Liquid Conversion

Volume/capacity of a liquid units are easier to convert as you only have to remember to use 1000.

You can see from the image above to go from mL to L you divide by 1000. To go from L to kL you divide by 1000. To go from kL to ML you divide by 1000. To go the other way you use multiply. To go from ML to kL you multiply by 1000. To go from kL to L you multiply by 1000 and to go from L to mL you multiply by 1000.

Units Of Measurement Conversion Chart

Measurement Units Conversion Table
Metre British Spelling - Meter US Spelling

Litre British Spelling - Liter US Spelling
Unit Conversion
Distance
Millimetres mm 10mm = 1cm
Centimetres cm 100cm = 1m
Metres m 1000m = 1km
Kilometres km 1000m = 1km
Weight/Mass
Millgrams mg 1000mg = 1g
Grams g 1000g = 1kg
Kilograms kg 1000kg = 1t
Tonnes t 1000kg = 1t
Volume Of A Liquid
Millilitres mL 1000mL = 1L
Litres L 1000L = 1kL
Kilolitres kL 1000L = 1kL
Megalitres ML 1000kL = 1ML
Gigalitres GL 1000ML = 1GL
Cubic Millimetres mm3 1000mm3 = 1cm3
Cubic Centimetres cm3 or CC 1,000,000 cm3 = 1m3
Cubic Metres m3 1,000,000,000m3 = 1km3
Cubic Kilometres km3 1,000,000,000m3 = 1km3
Volume Of A Solid
Cubic Millimetres mm3 1000mm3 = 1cm3
Cubic Centimetres cm3 or CC 1,000,000 cm3 = 1m3
Cubic Metres m3 1,000,000,000m3 = 1km3
Cubic Kilometres km3 1,000,000,000m3 = 1km3
Area
Square Millimetres mm2 100mm2 = 1cm2
Square Centimetres cm2 10,000cm2 = 1m2
Square Metres m2 1,000,000m2 = 1km2
Square Kilometres km2 1,000,000m2 = 1km2
Hectares ha 10,000m2 = 1ha
Angles
Degrees o 360 Degrees o = 1 circle
Time
Seconds s 60 seconds = 1 minute
Minutes m 60 minutes = 1 hour
Hours h 24 hours = 1 day
Temperature
Degrees Celcius oC
Money
Dollars $ 100 cents = $1
Cents 100 cents = $1

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