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x Multiply

2 x 3 =

÷ Divide

3 ÷ 3 =

+ Addition

6 + 3 =

- Subtraction

10 - 3 =

**Multiply x * . () by three:**

3 groups of or 3 lots of

Triple the number

Skip count in 3s

Add the number to itself and then again 3x6=6+6+6=18

Learn your 3 times tables

**Divide ÷ / by three:**

How many times does 3 go into

Break into 3 groups

One third of

Skip count in 3s and count how many 3s

Keep subtracting 3 from the number e.g. 9-3-3-3=0 so 3 goes into 9 exactly 3 times

Reverse your 3 times tables 3x2=6 so 6÷2=3 and 6÷3=2

**Add + three:**

Count three on from the original number

Learn addition rules e.g. 6+3=9 so 66+3=69

**Take - three:**

Count two back from the original number

Learn subtraction rules e.g. 7-3=4 so 67-3=64

Number in grey (left) x number in grey (top) = number in white __OR__ number in white ÷ number in grey = __other__ number in grey.

x | 0 | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

3 | 0 | 3 | 6 | 9 | 12 | 15 | 18 | 21 | 24 | 27 | 30 | 33 | 36 |

Number in grey (left) + number in grey (top) = number in white __OR__ number in white - number in grey = __other__ number in grey.

+ | 0 | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 |

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