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x Multiply

9 x 5 =

÷ Divide

40 ÷ 5 =

+ Addition

4 + 5 =

- Subtraction

12 - 5 =

**Multiply x * . () by five:**

5 groups of or 5 lots of

The answer ends in 5 or 0

Learn your 5 times tables

Skip count in 5s

Add the number to itself 5 times 5x6=6+6+6+6+6=30

Times by 10 then halve the answer

**Divide ÷ / by five:**

How many times does 5 go into

Break into 5 groups

One fifth

Reverse 5x tables 3x5=15 so 15÷5=3 and 15÷3=5

Skip count in 5s and count how many 5s

**Add + five:**

Add five to the ones digit

Learn addition rules e.g. 2+5=7 so 62+5=67

**Take - five:**

Take five from the ones digit

Learn subtraction rules rules e.g. 8-5=3 so 68-5=63

Number in grey (left) x number in grey (top) = number in white __OR__ number in white ÷ number in grey = __other__ number in grey.

x | 0 | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

5 | 0 | 5 | 10 | 15 | 20 | 25 | 30 | 35 | 40 | 45 | 50 | 55 | 60 |

Number in grey (left) + number in grey (top) = number in white __OR__ number in white - number in grey = __other__ number in grey.

+ | 0 | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

5 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 |

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